It sounds simple but ‘What is a Candle?’
A candle is a combination of fuel and wick, add a third component, fire, to give long-lasting light. Before electric this is all there was to enable our ancestors to see after dark, we know this already BUT did you know that:
The fuels in traditional candles were animal fats, plant oils (nuts/seeds and stones) or beeswax while wicks were made from twisted plant fibres. In fact that is all modern wick still is… cotton-grass twisted, bleached and dried. In the past our ancestors would’ve used twisted nettle stem or rush grass as the wick here in the UK as we didn’t have cotton as a native plant. We teach all methods on our courses.
Make your own beeswax candles for fun, economy and health.
Do you love buying candles and enjoy filling your home with them but wondered exactly what it is that you are burning and why you can pay up to £25 for a candle?! What is in the smoke and scent that comes from the shop bought candles you burn? How is it that some are so expensive – surely these aren’t made of toxic ingredients?!
Most shop bought candles, including expensive varieties, are made from a combination of paraffin wax, stearin and artificial fragrance – even the expensive ones.
Paraffin wax is made, as its name suggests, from paraffin which is a by-product of the petroleum production industry. It is used because it is cheap and odourless, un-dyed candles made from this tend to be a blue white colour. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has set a recommended exposure limit (REL) for paraffin wax fume exposure of 2 mg per cubed meter over an 8-hour workday.
Stearin is a powder that is added to the wax to make it burn more slowly. Stearin is a hard fat produced from beef or cod liver oil processing. The term ‘fragrance’ or ‘parfum’ can be used to describe a chemical cocktail of up to two hundred different synthetic ingredients.
Do you really want to be filling your home with these substances?
Some modern candles are sold as ‘eco’ because they are made from Soy. They are made by extracting soya bean oil and processing it to become more solid. Soya is very water-heavy crop, plus soy candle industry isn’t regulated and most soy candles do contain other oils like palm and paraffin too. The soya bean oil must travel thousands of miles to get to us as it is not a native plant. At Wild Harvest we like to empower you to create your own light using the resources around you.
Beeswax is a natural wax produced by honey bees and is available in the UK. Beeswax is formed into “scales” by eight wax-producing glands in the abdominal segments of worker bees who discard it in or at the hive. It is capable of making candles without the need for processing or adding other oils.
To get you started we have created a candle-making kit that teaches you two types of simple beeswax candle – melt and pour beeswax and rolled foundation sheet candles.
The Wild Harvest Kit Contents
Six Sheets of Beeswax
Glass Jar with Beeswax Granules
One Waxed Wick
To make the rolled beeswax sheets:
Take a sheet of beeswax and keeping the narrow end toward you lay the wick along the narrow end leaving 1 – 2 centimetres of wick sticking out of one end.
Use your thumbs to gently lift the wax sheet up at the narrow end and squash it down over the wick to trap the wick in place.
Fold the wax over again. Once the wick is trapped in with a couple of folds of wax place your hands as if you were using a rolling pin and roll the sheet up. Keep the tension on and don’t let go until you have rolled the sheet all the way to the other narrow end.
Using the warmth of your thumb press and seal the seam so the candle doesn’t unroll.
Trim the wick sticking out to 1 cm proud of the candle – this is the end you light.
Find a secure holder for your candles eg. a sturdy glass bottles or a candleabra, light and enjoy!
To make the Wild Harvest Kit melted beeswax candle – (melt and pour)
Always melt beeswax slowly and using a double boiler whether this is a pyrex bowl over a pan of water, in the same way you would melt chocolate, or a bain marie. Beeswax in a pan on direct heat will catch and burn.
Use the jar provided with the wax already in and place it, with the lid off, in a pan of hot water. The water should reach to about half to three-quarters up the side of the jar. Place the pan on a medium heat. (picture showing all of above)
Heat the water ensuring the pan doesn’t boil dry. After approximately ten minutes the wax granules will have melted – beeswax melts at approx. 65 degrees. When the beeswax is melted remove from heat and take the jar out of the pan using oven gloves or a cloth as the glass will be hot.
Place the waxed wick – metal end into the jar – and fold the long end of the wick over the side of the jar – you can use a clothes peg to hold it in place until the wax sets. (picture) Leave the jar for ten to twenty minutes before removing the peg and trimming the wick to 1 cm from the top of the wax. (Picture).
Tip 1: For colour – grate a little children’s crayon into the wax as it’s melting.
Tip 2: For shape – experiment with different moulds using heat proof objects from around the home. We have used tuna tins, old jars, silicon cake moulds and orange peel halves.
If you have no mould you can dig a hole in the garden, flatten out the bottom and pour in your wax. When the wax has hardened dig your candle out – you have made an earth candle! Alternatively light it in situ!
If you don’t already have our candle kit and would like to order one they are £10 plus £2 postage payable to [email protected] on Paypal. Please email the same email add. with your address stating what you have ordered.